Fibonacci card games
are
games of chance and skill for up to four players
using a special deck of cards. They are "draw and
discard" rummy style games. The objective is to form
the cards in one's hand into sets putting them face
up on the table in "melds", to be the first player
to complete a predetermined number of sets and then
to "go out" with no cards left over. Players score
by completing sets
and by going out. The game can also be played
Solitaire. Several different games, including
canasta, are played
with the unique deck.
There are 89 cards in the Fibonacci Deck
and, except for three wild cards and two bonus
cards, each card is identified with one of six
numbers in the Fibonacci series, specifically: 2,
3, 5, 8, 13 and 21 as shown in the picture to the
left. The numbers in a completed set of cards have to add to
21. A set can be as
few as two cards for example: 8 and 13 or as many as eight cards for example: 2, 2, 2, 3, 3,
3, 3 and 3. Players rearrange sets that have been
put down to accomplish the objectives of the game.
This adds a remarkable new dimension to classical
rummy and canasta card games.
A unique feature of the Fibonacci
series is that each number is equal to the sum of
the two preceding lower numbers. For example 5 = 3 +
2, and 21 = 13 + 8. It is this feature,
in combination with the rules, that makes the
Fibonacci card games
challenging and unique.
Certain cards in the deck are
designated as "base cards". Sets should start with
a base card.
The number on the top left corner of a base card is
red and two rabbits can be seen on top of the
colored area. A bonus card for base 2 (see the
bottom right corner card opposite) includes two
number 3's making this card total eight.
Each card has graphics associated
with the card number. The heights of the colored
rectangles and the colored areas on each card are
proportional to the Fibonacci number. The number 21
card is colored 100% from top to bottom and is 3.5
inches high. The number of petals on the flower in
the center of the card is equal to the Fibonacci
number. The height of a rectangle on a card divided
by the height of the rectangle on the prior numbered
card is the Golden Ratio. See
"About Fibonacci".
The colored areas on card
combinations that add to 21 would exactly fill a
single card. Cards can be stacked and overlapped on
top of each other, the bottom of one card to the top of
the colored area on another card. This is a visual aid to
set collection.
The card on the left is a wild
card, the Fibonacci card. The picture is of Leonardo
Pisano Fibonacci, the 13^{th} century
mathematician. Fibonacci showed that the number
series answers a question as to how a rabbit
population grows. See
"About Fibonacci".
The Fibonacci card can
substitute for any card including a base
card. The player has to designate the
number which the card represents but can change the
designation as the game progresses.
